Herbage Yield of Treated and Untreated Hydroponics Maize Fodder Using Low Cost Greenhouse Type Cultivation Unit for Livestock Production
Keywords:Hydroponics, Treated, Untreated, Maize Fodder, Low-cost green house, cultivating unit.
The research was conducted at Duware Street within Yola South Metropolis Adamawa state, Nigeria to establish herbage and determine the yield of treated and untreated hydroponics maize fodder using low cost greenhouse type cultivation unit or devices for livestock production. The low cost greenhouses or shade net structures were prepared from thatch, wood, and polythene, tap water, the use of nutrients solution for the hydroponics fodder growth, maize grains were choosing for hydroponics fodder production. The hydroponics green fodder looks like a mat of 20-30 cm height consisting of roots, seeds and plants. The hydroponics green fodder is more palatable, digestible and nutritious to the animals. Stem length (cm) revealed no significant (P<0.05) different across the treatments ranged from (8.65 to 9.84cm) with the highest figure of (9.84cm) in T4, followed by (8.96cm) in T3 and the least value (8.65cm) was recorded in T1. Plant height ranged from (30.22 to 31.69cm) which showed highly significant (P<0.01) different among the treatment means, the highest value (31.69cm) was recorded in T4, followed by (30.77cm) in T3, and the least figure (30.22cm) was recorded in T1. Biomass yield (kg/a/day) showed highly significant (P<0.01) different across the treatment, ranged from (5.81 to 6.92) kg/a/day, the highest figure of (6.92kg/a/day), followed by (6.64 kg/tray/day) in T3 and the least value (5.81 kg/a/day). Leaves length ranged from (21.57 to 21.85cm) showed no significant (P<0.05) different across the treatments group, the highest value (21.85cm) was recorded in T4, followed by (21.81cm) in T3 and the least figure (21.57cm) was recorded in T1. and Root length also showed no significant (P<0.05) different among the treatments, ranged from (12.98 to 13.98cm), the highest value (13.98cm) was recorded in T4, followed by (13.94cm) in T3 and the least value (12.98cm) was recorded in T1.