Literature Review on Factors Influencing Negative Attitude of Students on Covid-19 Vaccines in Uganda


  • Niyitegeka Josue Public Health Department, Bugema University, Uganda.
  • Michael B. Welwel Public Health Department, Bugema University, Uganda.


Student’s attitude, COVID-19, Vaccine, knowledge, negative attitudes.


Background and aims: Since 2019 Covid-19 disease is still a challenge with its high speed of spreading which scares everyone all over the world. As other disease of the same category, vaccine happened to be the only solution of this virus. Many countries are still looking for the solution by looking for enough vaccines to help their people. Though the intervention and strategies of eliminating the virus is high, the rates of people willing to take vaccines are still low in African countries; even the individuals chosen by government to be at high risk are still doubting the vaccines. This review was done with purpose of finding out the factors influencing students’ negative attitudes towards Covid-19 vaccines in Uganda. Methods: A literature search was performed on PubMed, ScienceDirect, PMC, MedRxiv, SAGE Journal and Google Scholar, and from above 10,000 top cited articles, 16 were selected for the current study. Results: Most of related review of previous studies on Factors influencing negative attitude of students on Covid-19 vaccines found that a variety of different factors contributed to increased negative attitudes, including the following: having negative perception of vaccine efficacy especially some students whom with their parents do not have enough information about vaccines and those who had blood clots from the first vaccines of AstraZeneca and Johnson & Johnson, other refused by their parents or guardians with no clear reasons, safety of the vaccines, some staff’s influence to their relative students, and fear of suitability of vaccines with their body, other claims that they do not need vaccines because their body immunity is strong through using herbals recommended, and others relate the vaccines to their personal religion belief. Government should establish seminars and training emphasizing the use and benefits of this vaccines and give more information about it. Conclusions: Among the factors observed in this study were, fear from those who died after people get first vaccines, lack of enough information, influence from parents/guardians, influence from those who receive first vaccine and got challenges, negative information about vaccines (causing blood clots). Use of recommended vaccines is very important as health of many people is concerned, but people need more knowledge about these vaccines and those delivering these vaccines also need more skills about this to assist those they attend to and have one language.




How to Cite

Niyitegeka Josue, & Michael B. Welwel. (2022). Literature Review on Factors Influencing Negative Attitude of Students on Covid-19 Vaccines in Uganda. International Journal of Recent Innovations in Academic Research, 6(4), 48–52. Retrieved from