Surface Tension Action of Clitoria ternatea Infused Surfactant
Keywords:Surface tension action, Clitoria ternatea, surfactant.
This study aimed to produce a soap or surfactant made from Blue ternate or Clitoria ternatea flower and to measure and determine if it would affect the surface tension action of water when it is added to it, the researcher aimed to answer the following problems: (1) What is the Surface Tension Action of Clitoria ternatea in terms of Wettability, Dispersion Size and Capillarity? (2) Which concentration of Clitoria ternatea in soap would give optimum result in surface tension action? Treatment 0 (without Clitoria ternatea), Treatment 1 (25 g of Clitoria ternatea to a 100 ml of Coconut Oil), Treatment 2 (50 g of Clitoria ternatea to a 100 ml of Coconut Oil) or Treatment 3 (75 g of Clitoria ternatea to a 100 ml of Coconut Oil). (3) Is there a significant difference on surface tension action among varying concentration in soap? Petals of the flower were grinded to infuse in oil via heating process, the researcher made 4 treatments with 2 trials each and each trials have 5 replicates. To analyze the results the researcher uses ImageJ application to measure its wettability, a capillary tube to measure its capillarity and a droplet measurement in cloth to measure its dispersion size. The major findings and conclusions of this study were: (1) Treatment 0 to Treatment 1 shows that it still has a high surface tension action, which means that the intermolecular forces in water is strong thus it has also a low cleaning action. Meanwhile Treatment 2 shows a low surface tension action and lastly Treatment was supposedly should have the lowest surface tension action, but in the data, it shows that it has a high surface tension action. By this we can conclude that as the level of concentration of Clitoria ternatea increases, the lower surface tension action it can exhibit. (2) Treatment 2 gives the optimum result in surface tension action, in which it has a low surface tension action. Treatment 2 contains 50 grams of Clitoria ternatea on a 100 ml of coconut oil, and by this we can conclude that there is an error in the experiment because supposedly treatment 3 should give the optimum result. (3) The computed F value was 0.976652 less than the computed F critical value which is 2.764199. Hence there is no significant difference in surface tension action among the varying concentrations of the soap. In general, the study is somewhat successful but it can be improved with the use of more advance application such as pendant drop analysis, and by extracting the oil of the flower by steam or fractional distillation.
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