Author Guidelines

Preparation of Manuscripts for Submission

Submission of an article implies that the presented work and results have not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere and that its publication is approved by all authors. All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest.

Types of Paper

The following manuscripts will be considered for publication

Research Articles
Review Articles
Mini Reviews
Case Studies and
Short Communications

Style and Format

Manuscripts should be written in English language. The text should be in Times New Roman font, size 12, 1.5 line-spaced throughout and with one-inch margins throughout; the paper size should be set to A4. All pages should be numbered sequentially.

Length of Paper

There is no strict limit on the length of a manuscript. Nevertheless, authors are asked to make the manuscripts as concise as possible and to limit them to less than 40 manuscript pages.

The following sequence should be followed while preparing manuscript
Title Page Information

The title should adequately describe the content of the paper. Abbreviations should be avoided wherever possible.

Author Names and Affiliations

Indicate the name(s) of each Author and check the spelling of all names. Provide the Authors' affiliations as follows: Department, Institution, City, Country. Provide the email address of the corresponding author. Please mark the Corresponding Author with an asterisk.


Provide an abstract of 150-250 words. The Abstract should outline the essential content of the manuscript, especially the purpose of the research, the main results and major conclusions.


Please provide 4 to 6 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes.


It should provide suffïcient information on the topic to allow the reader to understand the presented study. Previous work should be cited correctly without providing a lengthy review on the topic. The introduction should clearly outline the scientific hypothesis that was analyzed for the study undertaken.

Materials and Methods

Must be detailed enough to allow reproduction of the experiments described. Novel methods with modifications as well as genuine technical innovations have to be described, no need to repeat the methods that are published in detail.


Results should be clear and concise. Presentation of results with tables and figures may improve its clarity.


Discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.


It should be representing the summary of the important findings.


This section includes acknowledgment of people, grant details, funds, etc.


Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals (i.e., Table 1, Tables 2, Table 3, Table 4 etc.), and must be cited in the text. Title of the table should be written on top of the table. Descriptions about table items should be placed at the bottom of the table and marked with an asterisk.


Figures should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals (i.e., Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4), and must be cited in the text. Title of the figure should be written on bottom of the figure. Figures should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.

Model Table and Figure

Table 1. Mean, Standard Deviation and Range of knowledge scores of subjects regarding Ganser syndrome.

Area of analysis


Standard deviation


Pre test




Post test








Figure 1. Liver tissue for MTX group (H&E x 200)


Footnotes should be kept to a minimum; in most cases, it will be possible to incorporate the information in the text. If footnotes are used, they should be numbered in the text indicated by superscript numbers and kept as brief as possible.


The full list of references should be in alphabetical order. Journals names should be given in full without abbreviation. In order to ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa), it is recommended to use the EndNote software.

Citations in the text

For Single Author: The Author name and the year of publication (Liu, 2009).

For Two Authors: Both author (s) names and the year of publication (Swathi and Siva, 2013).

Three or More Authors: First author name followed by (et al.,) and the year of publication (Sai et al., 2012). Citation may be made directly (or parenthetically).

More than one citation: Groups of references should be listed chronologically according to the year of publication. Examples: (Tom et al., 2006; Ruby et al., 2008; Chan et al., 2014; Sai and Siva, 2019).

More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters, a, b, c, etc placed after the year of publication (Wesley Daniel Nafarnda 2019a; 2019b, 2019c).

Model References

References in Journal

Feise, R.J. 2002. Do multiple outcome measures require p-value adjustment?. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 2(1): 8-14.

Alakhrass, H. and Alenazi, W. 2019. Diabetes and Technology: Continuous Glucose Monitoring among Pregnant Women in Real Time. Health, 11(07): 855-857.

Hiramatsu, M., Momoki, C., Oide, Y., Kaneishi, C., Yasui, Y., Shoji, K., Fukuda, T. and Habu, D. 2019. Association Between Risk Factors and Intensive Nutritional Intervention Outcomes in Elderly Individuals. Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, 11(7): 472-479.

Al-Johani, N.S. and Bazzaz, A.A. 2019. Acute Impact of the Artificial Sweetener Aspartame on the Ultrastructures of Hepatocyte in Mice. Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology, 10(6): 165-177.

References in Journal with DOI Number

Niwa, K., Takenaka, M., Ishihara, T., Mori, S., Kuwabara, K., Murase, S., Yamaguchi, Y. and Tanaka, T. 2019. A Case of Struma Ovarii Diagnosed by Cytology during Laparoscopic Surgery. Open Journal of Pathology, 9(2): 1-9.

Paz, T., Levy, N., Leiba, H. and Rappoport, D. 2019. Role of Early Neuroimaging in Managing Acute Isolated Ocular Motor Nerve Palsies. International Journal of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 4(1): 24-32. doi: 10.11648/j.ijovs.20190401.15

Al-Sissi, A.A., El-Nagdy, S.Y., Mourad, M.I. and Denewar, M. 2019. Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA-Based Analysis for Genetic Alterations among Malignant Salivary Gland Tumors and Pleomorphic Adenoma. Journal of Integrative Oncology, 8: 1-8. doi: 10.4172/2329-6771.1000224

Matsuki, M., Kaji, Y., Matsuo, M. and Kobashi, Y. 2000. Struma ovarii: MRI findings. The British Journal of Radiology, 73(865): 87-90.


Ough, C.S. and Amerine, M.A. 1998. Methods for analysis of Cancer Tumours. Wiley and Sons, New York, USA. pp: 196-221.

Hurlock, E.B. 1950. Development Physiology-A life span approach. 5th Edition, Tata Mc. Graw. Hill.


Ting Meng, X. 1990. Recent advances in Dental Sciences, U.S Patent 2 624 124, July 16.

Chapter in Book

Weston, D.P. 1996. Environmental considerations in the use of antibacterial drugs in aquaculture. In: Baird, D., Beveridge, M.V.M., Kelly, L.A., Muir, J.F. (Eds.), Aquaculture Water Resource Management, Blackwell, Oxford, pp: 140–165.


Deka, H. 1991. Achievement motivation in creativity in stars and isolates. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Gujarat, pp: 111-114.

Lekha, V. 2005. A study of emotional maturity of adolescents in relation to Cognitive and non-cognitive variables, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Punjab, Chandigarh, pp: 225.

Unpublished Thesis

Farook, A. 2003. The effect of emotional intelligence on academic performance. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of Karachi, Karachi.


Yang, H. 2016. CBR Tools to Reduce the Risk of Dementia and Alzheimer. Retrieved from

Brown, A.F. 2016. Farmed and wild fish. Retrieved from


Huang, Y. 2014. Recent Report on Oral Cancer. Report No. 222, HongKong, China, CRI Press, pp: 462 pp.

Chemical Terminology

The chemical nomenclature used must be in accordance with that used in the Chemical Abstracts.

Biological Nomenclature

Examples: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans, Streptococcus mutans.

Enzyme Nomenclature

The trivial names recommended by the IUPAC-IUB Commission should be used. When the enzyme is the main subject of a paper, its code number and systematic name should be stated in its first citation in the paper.

Scientific Names

The genus (always capitalized) and the species (not capitalized) should be typed in italics. When the same name is used more than once in the paper, the first letter of the genus (still capitalized) should be used as an abbreviation in the second and subsequent uses of the name.

Ethical Matters

For Animal and Clinical Experiments

There must be a clear statement while submitting that, investigations using experimental animals were conducted in accordance with the internationally accepted principles for laboratory animal use and care as found in for example the European Community guidelines (EEC Directive of 1986; 86/609/EEC) or the US guidelines (NIH publication #85-23, revised in 1985). Investigations with human subjects must state that the research followed guidelines of the Declaration of Helsinki and Tokyo for humans, and was approved by the institutional human experimentation committee or equivalent, and that informed consent was obtained. For reports of randomized, controlled trials, authors should refer to the CONSORT statement. This guideline provides a set of recommendations comprising a list of items to report and a patient flow diagram.

Evidence for approval by a local Ethics Committee (for both human as well as animal studies) must be supplied by the authors on demand. Animal experimental procedures should be as humane as possible and the details of anesthetics and analgesics used should be clearly stated. The ethical standards of experiments must be in accordance with the guidelines provided by the CPCSEA (animal) and ICMR (human). The journal will not consider any paper which is ethically unacceptable. A statement on ethics committee permission and ethical practices must be included in all research articles under the ˜Materials and Methods section.

Abbreviations and Units

Generally, units must be abbreviated according to the International System of Units (SI units). Below you find the examples of abbreviations of the most commonly used SI units:

Units for Length (m, cm, m, mm, nm, Å)

Units for Mass (kg, g, mg, mg, ng, pg, mol, mmol)

Units for Volume (l, ml, ml), time (s, min, h, d)

Units for Temperature (°C, K)

Units for Radiation (Bq, Ci, dpm, Gy, rad) and

Units for Concentration (M, mM, mol/l, mmol/l, mg/ml, mg/ml, %, % (v/v), % (w/v), ppm, ppb.

Proofs and Reprints

Proofs will be sent via e-mail as an Acrobat PDF file by e-mail attachment and should be returned within five days of receipt. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. Authors will have free electronic access to the full text (PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.

Acceptance Certificate

IJRIAR issue Acceptance Certificate to Author(s) for manuscripts that have been reviewed and accepted for publication by an Editor-in-Chief.

Publication Notification

After the article is made available on the journals website, a publication notice is sent to the corresponding author with links to the issue and article.

Copyright and Open Access Statement

Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) and that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

All works published by International Journal of Recent Innovations in Academic Research (IJRIAR) are under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( This permits anyone to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the work provided the original work and source is appropriately cited.

Archiving Policy

In order to digitally preserve all published scholarly content, IJRIAR commits to submit the metadata of the individual articles to the following open-access repository.

Internet Archive:

Public Knowledge Project Preservation Network (PKP PN)

IJRIAR achieved is in PKP Preservation Network (PN). PKP has developed the PKP Preservation Network (PKP PN) to digitally preserve OJS journals.


Article Processing Charges

The International Journal of Recent Innovations in Academic Research is a self-supporting organization and does not receive funding from any institution/government. Hence, the management of the journal is solely financed by the handling fees received from authors. The manuscript handling fees are required to meet operations expenses such as manuscript processing, editing, publishing, online availability, internet services, webhosting, application development and support, etc. Being an open access journal, IJRIAR does not receive payment for subscription as the journal is freely accessible over the internet. IJRIAR provides immediate, worldwide free access to all published manuscripts. Readers can view, download, print, and redistribute any article without any financial barrier, enabling greater distribution of an article. Authors are required to pay a fair manuscript handling fee for the processing of their articles.  However, there are no submission charges. Authors are required to make payment only after their manuscripts have been accepted for publication.

For Indians: Rs. 5,000/-

For Overseas Authors

Authors from High Income Countries: 350 USD

Authors from Upper Middle Income Countries: 220 USD

Authors from Lower Middle Income Countries: 130 USD

Authors from Low Income Countries: 80 USD

Waiver Policy of the Journal

At International Journal of Recent Innovations in Academic Research, we understand that some authors, students or institutions may have limited funding for their research activities. Thus, we have instituted a generous waiver system that may ease the payment of the manuscript handling fee when their researchers choose to publish their manuscripts in our journal. Our primary goal as stated in our mission is to accelerate the dissemination of knowledge through the publication of high quality research articles. We are continually pursuing this goal, without putting undue financial burden on researchers or their institutions. Hence, discounts are given to authors from low and middle income countries. Waiver is applicable for one article per issue for each submitting author.

Note: Fee waiver requests must be directed to the Editor-In-Chief using the following Email:

Article Correction, Retraction and Withdrawal Policy

General Principles

IJRIAR believes in protecting and maintaining the integrity of the academic record. Articles officially published in IJRIAR are considered as the 'Version of Record'. Very rarely, when the scientific information in an article is substantially undermined then it becomes necessary for IJRIAR to publish corrections to, or retractions of articles published in its journal, at the discretion of the editors.

Article Corrections

Authors are encouraged to report errors in their articles with regard to the accuracy of published information. Only errors that impact the article significantly will be considered. Corrections are made at the journal's discretion. The correction procedure depends on the publication stage of the article. Corrections will be published under corrections and addendum in a later issue of the journal.

Article Retractions

The article may be retracted because of scientific misconduct in cases such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism or fraudulent use of data. A signed statement from the concerned authors will be required to be submitted before an article can be retracted. Agreement of all authors of a paper is required before a retraction can be published. A notice of retraction will be published and linked to the original article clearly marked as a retracted. The notice will also include the reason for the retraction and who is retracting the article. The original article will not be removed from online or print versions of the journal, but will be identified as a retracted article. Retractions will also be listed on the contents page.

Article Withdrawal

The corresponding author is allowed to withdraw the manuscript without paying any withdrawal penalty, if the author(s) requests a withdrawal of manuscript, within two days of submission. If the author(s) requests a withdrawal of manuscript, after the peer review process or in the production stage (Early Release or Ahead of publishing) or published online; then authors need to make a withdrawal penalty. Withdrawal of manuscripts is only allowed after withdrawal penalty (30% of the total fee) has been fully paid to the IJRIAR Editorial Office. As per the policy, we declare that the withdrawal charges are applicable in case of withdrawal (30% of the total fee).

If the author withdraws the article after acceptance or after publication of the manuscript and payment has also been made, there will be NO REFUND of the Article Processing Charge (APC) already paid. If a Manuscript is withdrawn over indexing issues, NO REFUND will be made.

Withdrawal form

If the author wish to withdraw paper from a journal, author needs to submit an "Article withdrawal Form" signed by all authors (or) the corresponding author of the manuscript stating the reasons for manuscript withdrawal. The form is available from the Editorial Office of the journal.

For any further information contact us at

Refund Policy

Article Processing Charges are required after a manuscript has been accepted for publication. The journal will not issue refunds or cancellations of any kind after the acceptance of the manuscript.

Payment Confirmation

A payment confirmation will be sent through email to the corresponding author after the Article Processing Charges have been paid. You can hope to receive the confirmation within 2-3 working days after the payment has been processed.

Changes to authorship

Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.

Conflicts of Interest

All authors must disclose any actual or potential conflicts of interest, including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations, with the study. Authors should also disclose conflict of interest with products that compete with those mentioned in their manuscript.

Publication Frequency

12 issues per year (monthly)

Revenue Sources

The only revenue source for this journal is the author fees. Publishing fees will not influence editorial decision making.

Advertising Policy

Advertising is not allowed.

Order Hard Copies of the Journal

Hard copies are available; we have the following options:

2 distribution copies (each copy contains the author paper only + table of contents + journal's cover)-cost is 30 USD (Rs. 400) + transfer fees + Postal Charges.

One full volume copy + two distribution copies-cost is 60 USD (Rs. 800) + transfer fees + Postal Charges.

One full volume copy-cost is 50 USD (Rs. 700) + transfer fees + Postal Charges.

Note: The delivery depends on the chosen option and on the volume in which the paper is published (between 10-30 days).

Note: the fees also cover any costs related to the delivery of the hard copies to the author by postal office.

General Policy

We welcome any note provided by readers and authors to improve this journal. The journal will strive to satisfy the requirements of the following organizations:

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE,

COPE provides advice to editors and publishers on all aspects of publication ethics and, in particular, how to handle cases of research and publication misconduct. In this journal; we apply COPE principles of publication ethics outlined in the core practices.



The Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA,

OASPA is a trade association that was established in 2008 in order to represent the interests of Open Access (OA) publishers globally across all disciplines.

OASPA is encouraging collaboration in developing appropriate business models, tools and standards to support OA publishing, OASPA aims to help ensure a prosperous and sustainable future for the benefit of its members and the scholarly communities they serve. This mission is carried out through exchanging information, setting standards, advancing models, advocacy, education, and the promotion of innovation.

World Association of Medical Editors (WAME,

WAME is a global nonprofit voluntary association of editors of peer-reviewed medical journals who seek to foster cooperation and communication among editors; improve editorial standards; promote professionalism in medical editing through education, self-criticism, and self-regulation; and encourage research on the principles and practice of medical editing. WAME develops policies and recommendations of best practices for medical journal editors and has a syllabus for editors that members are encouraged to follow.

Peer Review Process

Peer review process is the system used to assess the quality of the manuscript before it is considered for publication in our Journal. In peer review process we send the article for evaluation for subject experts in the relevant scientific field to assess the submitted manuscript/article for their originality, academic standards, importance, technical contents methodology, ethical nature and finally quality and suitability of the journal. 

All manuscripts are subjected to double bind peer review process which will be completed in 10 days and final decision will be taken by Editor-in-Chief/Associate Editor of IJRIAR.

After review process, possible decisions on a manuscript are

  1. Accept the manuscript as submit (with routine editing).
  2. Accept the manuscript with suggested revisions.
  3. Possibly accept after extensive revision of the manuscript.
  4. Reject the article/manuscript.

If minor revision is required, authors should return a revised version as soon as possible within 10 days. If major revision is required, authors should return a revised version within 20 days.

Plagiarism Policy

International Journal of Recent Innovations in Academic Research is maintaining highest standards regarding research quality, integrity and specially avoidance of plagiarism and academic misconduct.

What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is the "wrongful appropriation" and "stealing and publication" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions" and the representation of them as one's own original work. Plagiarism is considered academic dishonesty and a breach of journalistic ethics. It is subject to sanctions like penalties, suspension, and even expulsion.

Note for Authors

IJRIAR does not encourage any form of Plagiarism and duplicate submissions. Hence, we strongly recommend our authors to thorough check of the article content before submitting it to our Journal for publication. We request our Authors to use "Plagiarism Checking software's" to check plagiarism prior to submission as a preliminary step, although they are not completely reliable.

How is Plagiarism Handled

The manuscript in which pragmatism is detected are handled based on the extent of plagiarism

<20% Plagiarism: The manuscript will be given an ID and the manuscript is sent to subject experts for review.

21-25% Plagiarism: The manuscript will not be given an ID and the manuscript is sent back to author for content revision.

>25% Plagiarism: The manuscript will be rejected without review. The authors are advised to revise the manuscript and resubmit the manuscript.

Plagiarism before Publishing

If plagiarism is detected by the editorial board member, reviewer, editor etc., in any stage of article process-before or after acceptance, during editing or at a page proof stage. We will alert the same to the author(s) and will ask them to rewrite the content or to cite the references from where the content has been taken. If more than 25% of the paper is plagiarized-the article may be rejected and the same is notified to the author.

What If Plagiarism detected after Publication

If plagiarism is detected after publication, the IJRIAR will conduct an investigation. If plagiarism is found, the journal editorial office will contact the author's institute and funding agencies. The paper containing the plagiarism will be marked on each page of the PDF. Depending on the extent of the plagiarism, the paper may also be formally retracted from the Journal and the same should be intimated to the corresponding author.

Submission Checklist

Authors are advised to make use of this checklist before submitting your articles to IJRIAR which will ensure fast processing and easy proceedings.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  • Include keywords.
  • All figures (include relevant captions).
  • All tables (including titles, description, footnotes).
  • All figures and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • Manuscript has been 'spell checked' and 'grammar checked'.
  • All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa.
  • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet).
  • Acknowledgements, conflict of interest, funding information are filled (if applicable).
  • Clinical trial registration number, if applicable.

Note: Authors are encouraged to refer to the latest issue of IJRIAR for the format of manuscript preparation. 

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.