International Journal of Recent Innovations in Academic Research <h1><strong style="font-size: 24px;">Our Vision</strong></h1> <p>Our vision encompasses publishing progressive peer-reviewed research articles par excellence using the open-access model of publication, without any constraint, financial, or other imposed on the readers. Our aim is to build mutually beneficial and long-lasting relationships with our authors and provide them full support throughout the publishing and the post-publishing processes. The International Journal of Recent Innovations in Academic Research (IJRIAR) accepts submissions of a wide range of article types, including original research, reviews and feature articles. The author information section provides specific article requirements to help you turn your research into an article suitable for IJRIAR.</p> <p><strong>Mode of Publication:</strong> Print and Online (P-ISSN: 2659-1561 &amp; E-ISSN: 2635-3040).</p> <p><strong>Frequency of Publication:</strong> Monthly.</p> <p><strong>Review Time (Duration in Days):</strong> 10 working days.</p> <p><strong>Articles can be submitted at:</strong></p> <p><strong>Contact us:</strong> or +91-7382318191.</p> Kopparthi Venkata Siva Reddy en-US International Journal of Recent Innovations in Academic Research 2659-1561 Assessment of Wood Production and Structural Composition of Domboma Community Based Forest in Dasse Chiedom, Moyamba District, Sierra Leone <p>This research was carried out in August and September 2020 in the Domboma community-Based forest of Domboma community in Dasse chiefdom, Moyamba district, southern Sierra Leone. The objective of the study was to assess wood production and structural composition of Domboma community Based-forest in Dasse Chiefdom, Moyamba District. The systematic sampling design was adopted and data were collected in 12 circular sample plots with a radius of 10 m and an area of 0.031 ha. The stand was divided into four transects that were 50 m apart and the interval between sample plots in any transect was 10 m. In total, 12 plots covering a sampling area of 0.38 ha were laid out. In each plot all trees ? 10 cm diameter at breast height (DBH, 1.3 m above ground level) were measured for both DBH and total height, using diameter tape and suunto hypsometer, respectively. The species was identified for every measured tree either directly by botanical name or by local names. The total individual trees enumerated were 147. These individual trees were distributed into four diameter classes as follows; 76 trees in diameter class 1, 33 trees in diameter class 2, 4 trees in diameter class 3 and 34 trees in diameter class 4. The Shannon-wiener index of diversity calculated was 3.38 using natural logarithm for the four diameter classes. The index of dominance was 0.76 and the index of dispersion estimated was 16.0 for all diameter classes respectively. The average (DBH) and height of trees were 51.17cm and 27.06m respectively. The basal area and wood volume were 241.35m2/ha and 31227.62m3/ha respectively and the stocking was 390 stems ha-1. The 26-tree species found in all the 12 plots were listed in IUCN redlist categories as follows; 19.2% as data deficient (DD), 57.7% as least concerned (LC), 3.8% as nearly threatened (NT), 11.5% as vulnerable (VU), 7.7% as endangered (EN) and none of the species was classified as critically endangered.</p> Bah A Barrie, A Kargbo, I.R Mattia, S.B Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Recent Innovations in Academic Research 2021-09-20 2021-09-20 5 9 1 15 A Historical Study of Policy Implementation at Lugulu Girls’ High School Following Gachathi Report (1976) <p>This paper presents a historical account on secondary school curriculum implemented at Lugulu Girls’ High School between 1976 and 1985. The study adopted a historical research design. Documentary analysis and interview guides were used to collect data. Snowball sampling was adopted to select participants for the study. Analysis and interpretation were done through historical criticism. The study used Historical Thinking Conceptual Framework, postulated by Peter Seixas in 2006. The Ministry of Education played a leading role in implementing curriculum, and teachers used professional documents in preparation of lessons. However, there were pedagogical challenges cited like poor preparation, lack of schemes and lesson plans, dictation of notes in classrooms. The findings of the study proved that the formative year of LGHS, there was heavy reliance on foreign teachers from FAM Missions, TEA, BEA, Peace Corps in the implementation of the curriculum. Teacher effort was complemented by curriculum materials originated from the KIE and MOE’s administrative activities through its inspectorate division. Key challenges in the curriculum implementation were: teacher shortages, political interference, and inadequate infrastructure, non-involvement of key stakeholders, unqualified teachers and problems of expatriate teachers. The centralization of policy denied critical stakeholders a chance, voice, and perspectives to take root at the initiation, adoption and implementation of the curriculum in schools. Since teachers implement policies in schools, their voice and input should be considered when planning any curriculum reform.</p> Pius W Muricho Emmy Kipsoi Kefa L. Simwa Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Recent Innovations in Academic Research 2021-09-20 2021-09-20 5 9 16 28 Effect of Teacher Qualification on Implementation of Pre-Primary Mathematics Curriculum in Central Division, Trans-Nzoia County <p>This study aimed to determine the effect of teacher qualification on implementation of Pre-primary Mathematics Curriculum in Central Division, Trans-Nzoia County. The study's objective was to determine the effect of teacher qualification, on implementing pre-primary learners' Mathematics curriculum in Trans-Nzoia County. The study was anchored on Skinner and Erickson’s Psychosocial Development and Needs Assessment theory. The researcher used a descriptive survey design. The sample size was drawn using the Fishers formula and constituted 112 respondents. Stratified sampling was used to get respondents from each sector as follows; 74 Early Childhood Development Education (ECDE) teachers, 36 primary head teachers.<br>The researcher used a saturated sample to select the only three educational officers. A pilot study to test reliability and validity of research instruments and the reliability were above 0.70 Cronbatch Alphas. The apparatus for data collection were the questionnaires and interview, and observation schedules. Quantitative data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 11.5, and results presented using percentages, means, frequencies, and p-values, while qualitative data were analyzed using themes.<br>The study findings indicated a significant relationship between teacher's qualifications. The study recommends that the government should formulate a policy to always take into consideration teachers' qualifications.</p> Ruth. O. Onchera John Ng’asike Maurice Cherekes Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Recent Innovations in Academic Research 2021-09-20 2021-09-20 5 9 29 36 Capital Budgeting and Maximization of Shareholders Wealth in Selected Manufacturing Firms in Nigeria <p>The paper investigated capital budgeting and maximization of shareholders wealth of selected manufacturing firms in Nigeria. Primary data used for the study were obtained through questionnaire distributed to accountants, officers and managers in Accounting Departments of various manufacturing companies at Ilupeju Industrial Estate in Lagos-Nigeria. Data gathered were analyzed using regression estimate. The study concluded that companies with higher profitability attract more shareholders and that companies that pay regular dividend were patronized by shareholders. The study therefore recommended that companies should maintain the shareholders’ wealth maximization objective through regular payment of dividend so as to ensure shareholders receive benefit of their investment as at when due.</p> Dr. Abolade Francis Akintola Dr. Pius Okafor Onichabor Bamidele Olusegun Ebo Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Recent Innovations in Academic Research 2021-09-20 2021-09-20 5 9 37 46